It is a mistake to use these three terms “stroke”, ”heart attack” and “cardiac arrest” interchangeably.
Surely, they are all connected to heart, but they are caused by different factors, and show different symptoms and effects on the body.
Therefore, it is of great importance to learn to distinguish these terms in order to find the proper treatment.
This article explains these three conditions and their symptoms, and it indicates how to properly react upon facing with them.
Remember, stroke is a brain disorder. There are three types of stroke: Ischemic, transient ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke.
When it comes to ischemic stroke, there’s a blockage of the artery which transports blood rich in oxygen to the brain.
On the other hand, in case of transient ischemic attack (TIA), which is also called a“mini-stroke”, the artery which transports blood to the brain temporarily stops transporting the blood. Hemorrhagic stroke appears appears upon rupturing an artery inside brain.
-Headaches and vomiting
-Walking inability, accompanied with dizziness
-Mental confusion, like forgetting names, places, and inability to follow a conversation
-Blurred vision, and double seeing
-Numbness of paralysis of the face, arm or leg, especially on one side
-Transient ischemic attack (TIA)
Heart attack is a circulation disorder.
When the flow of the blood, which is rich in oxygen, is blocked to a certain part of the heart muscle, if not restored, causes dying of the muscle, and results in a heart attack.
In case of a heart attack, the heart continues beating.
Heart Attack Symptoms:
–The heart attack symptoms can occur early on and last several days.
-Lacking of breath and wheezing
-Pain in chest (angina): It is often characterized with heaviness in the middle of the chest, so it can be confused with indigestion. It can come and go in a few minutes.
-Aches in the body: pain in the neck, abdomen, back, jaw, and arms, especially the left one.
-Feeling dizziness and lightheadedness
Since these symptoms are connected to the heart, and not to some other system in the body, you can’t treat them with home remedies or medications.
It’s an “electrical” disorder.
If your heart’s electrical activity undergoes chaos, it will lead to irregular heart beating, and immediate stop of the blood pumping throughout the body. This condition is cardiac arrest.
In this case, the heartbeat stops completely.
People who have suffered a heart attack have a greater risk of experiencing a cardiac arrest.
Cardiac Arrest Symptoms:
-The most typical signs of a cardiac arrest, are the following:
-Loss of pulse
-Loss of breath
-Lack of responsiveness
-These symptoms are appearing suddenly and can often result in instant death.
Moreover, there are cases when several minutes before a person experiences a cardiac arrest, s/he can feel similar symptoms to those of a heart attack:
-Pain in the chest
-Lacking of breath